“Population By Gender, Municipality And Zone, March 2004”. General Secretariat for Development Planning. Archived from the original on 12 December 2006.
Dolma and pilaf normally comprise currants or raisins. Etli yaprak sarma (vine leaves stuffed with meat and rice) was once cooked with sour plums in Ottoman delicacies. Turkish desserts don’t normally comprise fresh fruit, however could include dried varieties.
Christians characterize 40.5% of Lebanon, the place the Lebanese president, half of the cabinet, and half of the parliament observe one of many numerous Lebanese Christian rites. There are also necessary minority religions just like the Bahá’í Faith, Yarsanism, Yazidism, Zoroastrianism, Mandaeism, Druze, and Shabakism, and in ancient times the region was house to Mesopotamian religions, Canaanite religions, Manichaeism, Mithraism and varied monotheist gnostic sects. The Middle East lies at the juncture of Eurasia and Africa and of the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean. It is the birthplace and non secular center of religions corresponding to Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Manichaeism, Yezidi, Druze, Yarsan and Mandeanism, and in Iran, Mithraism, Zoroastrianism, Manicheanism, and the Bahá’í Faith. Throughout its history the Middle East has been a serious center of world affairs; a strategically, economically, politically, culturally, and religiously delicate space.
Prehistory, Ancient period and Early Middle Ages
Around 60 completely different minerals are at present produced in Turkey. The richest mineral deposits in the nation are boron salts, Turkey’s reserves amount to 72% of the world’s complete. According to the CIA World Factbook, different pure sources embrace coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, uranium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestine (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower, and geothermal energy. The pipeline community in Turkey included 1,738 kilometres (1,080 mi) for crude oil, 2,321 kilometres (1,442 mi) for petroleum merchandise, and 708 kilometres (440 mi) for natural fuel in 1999.
Republic of Turkey
The Georgian Kingdom continued military campaigns within the Caucasus region. As a results of her army campaigns and the short-term fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1204, Georgia grew to become the strongest Christian state in the entire turkish ladies Near East area, encompassing most of the Caucasus stretching from Northern Iran and Northeastern Turkey to the North Caucasus. The Ottoman beylik’s first capital was positioned in Bursa in 1326.
The Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline, the second-longest oil pipeline on the earth, was inaugurated on May 10, 2005. The pipeline delivers crude oil from the Caspian Sea basin to the port of Ceyhan on Turkey’s Mediterranean coast, from the place it’s distributed with oil tankers to the world’s markets. The deliberate Nabucco Pipeline may even cross from Turkey and supply the European Union member states with natural gasoline from the Caspian Sea basin. The Blue Stream, a serious trans-Black Sea gas pipeline, is operational since November 17, 2005, and delivers natural gas from Russia to Turkey. The Tabriz–Ankara pipeline is a 2,577-kilometre-lengthy (1,601-mile) natural gasoline pipeline, which runs from Tabriz in northwestern Iran to Ankara in Turkey.
The nationwide dish of Iraq is the Masgouf fish, normally enjoyed with grilled tomatoes and onions.Iraqi delicacies makes use of extra spices than most Arab cuisines. Iraq’s primary meals crops embrace wheat, barley, rice, greens, and dates. Vegetables embrace eggplant, okra, potatoes, and tomatoes. Pulses such as chickpeas and lentils are additionally fairly frequent.
Other mainstream sports corresponding to basketball and volleyball are additionally popular. Turkey hosted the 2010 FIBA World Championship international basketball match and reached the ultimate. The men’s national basketball staff finished second in Eurobasket 2001; whereas Efes Pilsen S.K.
Algerian cuisine combines quite a lot of elements including vegetables, fruits, spices, meat, fish, seafood, vegetables and dried fruits. Vegetables are often used for salads, soups, casserole, couscous and sauces. It is widely utilized in carrots, pumpkins, potatoes, green beans, beans, kale, eggplant, and truffles.
Arabic, with all its dialects, are probably the most extensively spoken languages within the Middle East, with Literary Arabic being official in all North African and in most West Asian nations. Arabic dialects are additionally spoken in some adjoining areas in neighbouring Middle Eastern non-Arab international locations. It is a member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic languages. Several Modern South Arabian languages such as Mehri and Soqotri are additionally spoken Yemen and Oman.